About the City of Hyderabad
Republic of India (17.366°N; 78.476°E)
In 2011: 6809970 (city, 250km2); 7749334 (metropolitan area)
1.7 million slum dwellers (GHMC, 2012) with increasing trend; small but growing middle class (16% of households have an income >=640€ /month*); Islamic population: 41%
Located within the Decca-plateau (altitude about 540m), hilly urban area relatively upstream (90km from source) on the banks of the Musi river, a tributary of Krishna river.
Tropical savannah (“dry and wet”) climate (Köppen Aw)
Hazards & Vulnerabilities
Local climate hazards
At present: pluvial flooding;
In the future: heat waves and increased pluvial flooding
Local vulnerabilities and main expected climate change impact
Slum settlements against pluvial flooding: physical impacts on people and shelter, health impacts (via drinking water pollution and increased vector breeding), almost no adaptive capacity.
Waste challenge in the city of Hyderabad
Coping Mechanisms/ Adaptation measures
What is done on a political level?
So far there is no specific adaptation plan. The city administration is to some extent aware of the climate change problem.
What adaptation measure is in place (physically)?
Less intended as adaptation measures but more as answers to present problems: occasionally improvement of storm water drainage and spatial separation of drinking water pipes and sewerage channels
What are the major adaptation needs?
No development in future flood prone areas or the build-up of adequate drainage infrastructure. Settlement planning has to take into account the newly appearing problem of severe heat waves by ventilation corridors and shading. Traffic planning has to consider increasing flood frequencies in presently unproblematic locations according to the climate projections. The dominance of electric public traffic has to be aimed at (integration of adaptation and mitigation). Low cost housing in the neighbourhoods of quality housing and production sites is necessary - informal settlements will not vanish in due time in Hyderabad– so adapting informal settlements to climate change may well be a major task the authorities have to deal with.
Other important feature relevant for climate change adaptation
Bottom up pressure has to be established to encourage city administration to consider foreseeable climate change impacts in their planning decisions. Therefore local and spatially explicit climate impact assessments have to be made available to the civil society actors and groups via, e.g., interactive internet platforms.