Ban Ki Moon
Secretary General of the United Nations

"The road to sustainability runs through the world’s towns and cities. By building sustainable towns and cities, you will build global sustainability."



Greenery cools down city by 0.6°C in Antwerp

At the mesoscale, an increase from approximately 20-30% to 60% vegetation cover in the city lowers the temperatures by around 0.6°C in Antwerp. Therefore, greening the city does have an impact on the UHI, but only to a limited extent, unless the urban roughness length is also reduced. More details can be found in the report “Urban adaptation effects on urban climate”.


Project at a glance:

RAMSES is a European research project which aims to deliver much needed quantified evidence of the impacts of climate change and the costs and benefits of a wide range of adaptation measures, focusing on cities.

RAMSES will engage with stakeholders to ensure this information is policy relevant and ultimately enables the design and implementation of adaptation strategies in the EU and beyond.


RAMSES Newsletter



Open European Day at Bonn Resilient Cities

The fourth Open European Day at Bonn Resilient Cities will bring together cities and key adaptation actors from different organizations.

19/09/2017 - 21/09/2017

RAMSES final conference

“Climate and Cities Conference 2017” is the final conference of the RAMSES project and open to submissions from all relevant fields. More information will be available soon. 

Download flyer

The Transition Handbook and the Training Package are two of the key tools produced by the RAMSES Project to support cities in their adaptation work.



Europe The work leading to these results has received funding from the European Community's Seventh Framework Programme under Grant Agreement No. 308497
Project RAMSES - Reconciling Adaptation, Mitigation and Sustainable Development for Cities.